It doesn’t discriminate- infertility can affect any race, socioeconomic class, sexuality, or religion. Here’s what you should know.
April 18 to April 24 is National Infertility Week. As mentioned, infertility can affect anyone. In fact, according to the CDC, 12% of women ages 15 to 44 experience difficulty getting pregnant and/or carrying a pregnancy to term.
Men can also struggle with infertility. When it came to studies involving couples who struggled with infertility, 35% percent of cases identified both the man and woman to have infertility factors.
What Causes Infertility?
In order to identify infertility in men, a semen analysis is done. This analysis may reveal:
- A hormonal disorder
- A genetic disorder
- A disruption of the testicular or ejaculatory function
In women, infertility is sometimes cause by:
- An ovarian disruption, such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
- A fallopian tube obstruction, such as endometriosis
- Abnormal uterine contour
Both men and women can lower their risk of infertility by paying attention to age and weight. Additionally, smoking, excess alcohol, and extreme stress can play a role in one’s fertility.
If you have been trying to conceive a baby for over a year and you are under the age of 35, experts recommend seeing a doctor. (If over 35, see a doctor after 6 months of trying.) Pregnancy is a complicated process with many steps- sometimes it is difficult to pinpoint the factor contributing to infertility. Speak with an endocrinologist right away and discuss treatment if you believe you might have infertility.
The SCCAA Community Actions Pathway HUB is an available resource for couples trying to conceive and pregnant couples in need of support, education, and community services. For more information on infertility, check out https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/Infertility/.